Pre-modern representations of the gift-giver from Church history and folklore, notably St Nicholas known in Dutch as Sinterklaas , merged with the English character Father Christmas to create the character known to Americans and the rest of the English-speaking world as "Santa Claus" a phonetic derivation of "Sinterklaas". The bonuses are just as big as on slots era, so you will not be disappointed. Frank and Debi DeFreitas. Inside Real Estate For those in the business of buying, selling, and developing real estate. Santa Claus is coming to town. Interested in sponsoring a newsletter? Also, a winning combination of symbols will generally pay left to right with the consecutive symbols contributing to the winning payline.
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Inside Real Estate For those in the business of buying, selling, and developing real estate. Army mop-up companies and stragglers during those intervening weeks continued to "forage", loot, burn, and liberate slaves, hence, the concern of Mrs. Burge and her household. In , the book A New-year's present, to the little ones from five to twelve was published in New York. It contained Old Santeclaus with Much Delight , an anonymous poem describing Santeclaus on a reindeer sleigh, bringing presents to children.
Nick is described as being "chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf" with "a little round belly", that "shook when he laughed like a bowlful of jelly", in spite of which the "miniature sleigh" and "tiny reindeer" still indicate that he is physically diminutive. The reindeer were also named: By 'Kris Kringle' was a common variant of Santa in parts of the U.
Nicholas' or 'Santa Claus'. The author  quotes Moore's poem in its entirety, saying that its descriptions apply to Krishkinkle too. As the years passed, Santa Claus evolved in popular culture into a large, heavyset person. One of the first artists to define Santa Claus's modern image was Thomas Nast , an American cartoonist of the 19th century.
In , a picture of Santa illustrated by Nast appeared in Harper's Weekly. Santa was dressed in an American flag , and had a puppet with the name " Jeff " written on it, reflecting its Civil War context. Webster, who wrote that Santa Claus's home was "near the North Pole, in the ice and snow". A boy from Colorado writing to the children's magazine The Nursery in late said, "If we did not live so very far from the North Pole, I should ask Santa Claus to bring me a donkey.
The idea of a wife for Santa Claus may have been the creation of American authors, beginning in the midth century. In , the poet Katharine Lee Bates popularized Mrs. The editorial, which included the famous reply " Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus ", has become an indelible part of popular Christmas lore in the United States and Canada.
Much of Santa Claus's mythos was not set in stone at the time, leaving Baum to give his "Neclaus" Necile's Little One a wide variety of immortal support, a home in the Laughing Valley of Hohaho, and ten reindeer—who could not fly, but leapt in enormous, flight-like bounds.
Claus's immortality was earned, much like his title "Santa" , decided by a vote of those naturally immortal. This work also established Claus's motives: When Ak, Master Woodsman of the World, exposes him to the misery and poverty of children in the outside world, Santa strives to find a way to bring joy into the lives of all children, and eventually invents toys as a principal means.
Santa later appears in The Road to Oz as a honored guest at Ozma's birthday party, stated to be famous and beloved enough for everyone to bow even before he is announced as "The most Mighty and Loyal Friend of Children, His Supreme Highness - Santa Claus". The image of Santa Claus as a benevolent character became reinforced with its association with charity and philanthropy, particularly by organizations such as the Salvation Army. Volunteers dressed as Santa Claus typically became part of fundraising drives to aid needy families at Christmas time.
In , Charles W. Howard , who played Santa Claus in department stores and parades, established the Charles W. Howard Santa School, the oldest continuously-run such school in the world. In some images from the early 20th century, Santa was depicted as personally making his toys by hand in a small workshop like a craftsman. Eventually, the idea emerged that he had numerous elves responsible for making the toys, but the toys were still handmade by each individual elf working in the traditional manner.
The popular song by George Melachrino , "Mrs. Santa Claus", and the children's book How Mrs. Claus in the popular imagination. Seabury Quinn 's novel Roads draws from historical legends to tell the story of Santa and the origins of Christmas. Other modern additions to the "story" of Santa include Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer , the 9th and lead reindeer immortalized in a Gene Autry song, written by a Montgomery Ward copywriter.
By the end of the 20th century, the reality of mass mechanized production became more fully accepted by the Western public. That shift was reflected in the modern depiction of Santa's residence—now often humorously portrayed as a fully mechanized production and distribution facility, equipped with the latest manufacturing technology, and overseen by the elves with Santa and Mrs.
Claus as executives or managers. Santa's main distribution center is a sight to behold. A real-time warehouse management system WMS is of course required to run such a complex. The facility makes extensive use of task interleaving, literally combining dozens of DC activities putaway, replenishing, order picking, sleigh loading, cycle counting in a dynamic queue The WMS and transportation system are fully integrated, allowing the elves to make optimal decisions that balance transportation and order picking and other DC costs.
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Santa has been described as a positive male cultural icon:. Santa is really the only cultural icon we have who's male, does not carry a gun, and is all about peace, joy, giving, and caring for other people. That's part of the magic for me, especially in a culture where we've become so commercialized and hooked into manufactured icons.
Santa is much more organic, integral, connected to the past, and therefore connected to the future. Many television commercials, comic strips and other media depict this as a sort of humorous business, with Santa's elves acting as a sometimes mischievously disgruntled workforce, cracking jokes and pulling pranks on their boss.
President Reagan steps in, fires all of Santa's helpers, and replaces them with out-of-work air traffic controllers an obvious reference to the air traffic controllers' strike , resulting in a riot before Santa vindictively rehires them in humiliating new positions such as his reindeer.
Claus were running a sweatshop over there The original elves were ugly, traveled with Santa to throw bad kids a beatin', and gave the good ones toys. In Kyrgyzstan, a mountain peak was named after Santa Claus, after a Swedish company had suggested the location be a more efficient starting place for present-delivering journeys all over the world, than Lapland.
In the Kyrgyz capital, Bishkek , a Santa Claus Festival was held on 30 December , with government officials attending. The events are seen as moves to boost tourism in Kyrgyzstan. On 9 September where a total of 12, people dressed up as Santa or Santa's helper which previously brought down the record of 3,, which was set during the Santa Dash event in Liverpool City Centre in The tradition of Santa Claus entering dwellings through the chimney is shared by many European seasonal gift-givers.
In pre-Christian Norse tradition, Odin would often enter through chimneys and fire holes on the solstice. In the tale of Saint Nicholas, the saint tossed coins through a window, and, in a later version of the tale, down a chimney when he finds the window locked.
In Dutch artist Jan Steen 's painting, The Feast of Saint Nicholas , adults and toddlers are glancing up a chimney with amazement on their faces while other children play with their toys. The hearth was held sacred in primitive belief as a source of beneficence, and popular belief had elves and fairies bringing gifts to the house through this portal. Santa's entrance into homes on Christmas Eve via the chimney was made part of American tradition through the poem "A Visit from St.
Nicholas" where the author described him as an elf. In the United States and Canada, children traditionally leave Santa a glass of milk and a plate of cookies ; in Britain and Australia, he is sometimes given sherry or beer, and mince pies instead. In Denmark, Norway and Sweden, it is common for children to leave him rice porridge with cinnamon sugar instead. In Ireland it is popular to give him Guinness or milk, along with Christmas pudding or mince pies. They get sweets in a bag if they were good, and a golden colored birch switch if not.
On Christmas Eve "Little Jesus" comes and gives gifts for everyone. New Zealander, British, Australian, Irish, Canadian, and American children also leave a carrot for Santa's reindeer, and are told that if they are not good all year round that they will receive a lump of coal in their stockings, although the actual practice of giving coal is now considered archaic.
Children following the Dutch custom for sinterklaas will "put out their shoe" leave hay and a carrot for his horse in a shoe before going to bed, sometimes weeks before the sinterklaas avond. The next morning they will find the hay and carrot replaced by a gift; often, this is a marzipan figurine.
Naughty children were once told that they would be left a roe a bundle of sticks instead of sweets, but this practice has been discontinued.
Last minute rituals for children before going to bed include aligning stockings at the mantelpiece or other place where Santa cannot fail to see them, peeking up the chimney in homes with a fireplace , glancing out a window and scanning the heavens for Santa's sleigh, and in homes without a fireplace unlocking an exterior door so Santa can easily enter the house.
Tags on gifts for children are sometimes signed by their parents "From Santa Claus" before the gifts are laid beneath the tree. Ho ho ho is the way that many languages write out how Santa Claus laughs. The laughter of Santa Claus has long been an important attribute by which the character is identified, but it also does not appear in many non- English -speaking countries.
The traditional Christmas poem A Visit from St. Nicholas relates that Santa has:. Santa Claus's home traditionally includes a residence and a workshop where he creates—often with the aid of elves or other supernatural beings—the gifts he delivers to good children at Christmas.
Some stories and legends include a village, inhabited by his helpers, surrounding his home and shop. There is also a city named North Pole in Alaska where a tourist attraction known as the "Santa Claus House" has been established. Each Nordic country claims Santa's residence to be within their territory.
In Denmark, he is said to live in Greenland near Uummannaq. In Sweden, the town of Mora has a theme park named Tomteland. The national postal terminal in Tomteboda in Stockholm receives children's letters for Santa.
Santa Claus appears in the weeks before Christmas in department stores or shopping malls, or at parties. The practice of this has been credited [ dubious — discuss ] to James Edgar , as he started doing this in in his Brockton, Massachusetts department store.
Santa's function is either to promote the store's image by distributing small gifts to children, or to provide a seasonal experience to children by listening to their wishlist while having them sit on his knee a practice now under review by some organisations in Britain,  and Switzerland . Sometimes a photograph of the child and Santa are taken. Having a Santa set up to take pictures with children is a ritual that dates back at least to The area set up for this purpose is festively decorated, usually with a large throne, and is called variously "Santa's Grotto", "Santa's Workshop" or a similar term.
In the United States, the most notable of these is the Santa at the flagship Macy's store in New York City—he arrives at the store by sleigh in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade on the last float, and his court takes over a large portion of one floor in the store. Essayist David Sedaris is known for the satirical SantaLand Diaries he kept while working as an elf in the Macy's display, which were turned into a famous radio segment and later published.
Quite often the Santa, if and when he is detected to be fake, explains that he is not the real Santa and is helping him at this time of year. Most young children accept this explanation. At family parties, Santa is sometimes impersonated by the male head of the household or other adult male family member. In Canada, malls operated by Oxford Properties established a process by which autistic children could visit Santa Claus at the mall without having to contend with crowds.
In , the Southcentre Mall in Calgary was the first mall to offer this service. There are schools offering instruction on how to act as Santa Claus. It blossomed into a second career for him, and after appearing in parades and malls,  he appeared on the cover of the American monthly Boston Magazine as Santa.
Meath was a board member of the international organization called Fraternal Order of Real Bearded Santas. Writing letters to Santa Claus has been a Christmas tradition for children for many years.
These letters normally contain a wishlist of toys and assertions of good behavior. Some social scientists have found that boys and girls write different types of letters. Girls generally write longer but more polite lists and express the nature of Christmas more in their letters than in letters written by boys.
Girls also more often request gifts for other people. Many postal services allow children to send letters to Santa Claus. These letters may be answered by postal workers or outside volunteers. A letter to Santa is often a child's first experience of correspondence. Written and sent with the help of a parent or teacher, children learn about the structure of a letter, salutations, and the use of an address and postcode.
The USPS Santa letter answering effort started in out of the historic James Farley Post Office  in New York, and since has been called "Operation Santa" to ensure that letters to Santa are adopted by charitable organizations, major corporations, local businesses and individuals in order to make children's holiday dreams come true from coast to coast.
Other interesting Santa letter processing information, according to the UPU's study and survey of national postal operations, are: Canada Post has a special postal code for letters to Santa Claus, and since over 13, Canadian postal workers have volunteered to write responses.
This postal code, in which zeroes are used for the letter "O", is consistent with the alternating letter-number format of all Canadian postal codes. Sometimes children's charities answer letters in poor communities, or from children's hospitals, and give them presents they would not otherwise receive.
From to , the program replied to approximately "one million letters or more a year, and in total answered more than In Britain it was traditional for some to burn the Christmas letters on the fire so that they would be magically transported by the wind to the North Pole.
However this has been found to be less efficient than the use of the normal postal service, and this tradition is dying out in modern times, especially with few homes having open fires. In Mexico and other Latin American countries, besides using the mail, sometimes children wrap their letters to a small helium balloon, releasing them into the air so Santa magically receives them.
In , the Brazilian National Post Service, " Correios " formed partnerships with public schools and social institutions to encourage children to write letters and make use of postcodes and stamps. In , the Brazilian National Post Service, " Correios " answered almost two million children's letters, and spread some seasonal cheer by donating , Christmas gifts to some of Brazil's neediest citizens. He receives over , letters every year from over different countries with Togo being the most recent country added to the list.
The post office welcomes , visitors a year, with 70, visitors in December alone.